November 22, 2019

Want to Learn to Code? Here’s How to Make the Best Beginning

If you have just started to learn to code or have made the decision that you want to become a programmer but are not properly aware of how you should begin then this guide will help you. Without further ado let’s begin.
The following steps will help you figure out from where you should learn to code and which language you should learn first.

Step 1 – Understand What you Want to Code

Do you want to create a computer or mobile applications? Websites? This is the basic question that you are required to ask yourself. Around a decade ago, one would have faced a lot of complications while getting the material to study the basics of any language but in 2019 things have got much easier. If you want to create a computer or mobile application then go for procedural programming languages like C, C++, Java, Swift, etc. If you want to make websites then your acquaintances will be markup languages like HTML, XML, CSS and scripting languages like JavaScript and PHP.

Step 2 – Understand the Meaning of Object Oriented Programming and it’s Elements

OOPs, or Object Oriented Programming is a concept that compares the actual world with a programmer’s code. In OOPs, object refers to a real-world entity on whose properties and attributes your program is built. For example, a chair or a book is an object and its attributes are stored in the element known as class. Notice, here aspects like the height of the chair or the number of pages in the book are the attributes. Hence, OOPs works on those attributes and objects to solve real-world problems. The object can also be a triangle or rectangle whose area you want to find whereas the length and base of the triangle or rectangle are its attributes.

But What’s the Need of Understanding OOPs?

OOPs is the sole concept that relates a programming language to another. Today, major programming languages inhibit the OOps concept like C++, Java, Swift, Visual Basic, etc. All these languages work on the principles of OOPs. In OOPs, you are primarily required to understand it’s elements which are not tough to learn, while the elements being:
  • Object
  • Class
  • Documentation
  • Inheritance
  • Encapsulation
  • Abstraction
  • Polymorphism
  • Dynamic Binding

Step 3 – Make the Beginning and Practice the Syntaxes

If you have selected the purpose for which you wanted to learn to code, i.e. for either making applications, games or websites, you’re ready to begin. If your decision was for making computer and mobile applications, start your journey with C and learn all its concepts, which would again be a repetition of OOPs. Have a look at all its Syntaxes, imprint them within your mind and practice them all again and again. Learn the basic structure of a C program and practice it. Once you think you’ve understood the concepts of C very well, you’re ready to move on to other languages like C++, Java, Swift, Visual Basic, Ruby, Python, JavaScript, PL-SQL etc.
Feel free to pick any work environment for practicing programming like Notepad++ or Komodo Edit but our suggestion is Microsoft Visual Studio which is a ubiquitous professional working environment for all the programming languages. You can download the Visual Studio Community version for free for personal use or for a small company of maximum 5 people.
If you chose website development at step 1 then you’re required to begin with HTML and CSS. HTML is an English based markup language that does not run on OOPs principles and has pretty simple syntaxes with no procedural rules to follow. HTML programming is based on the principle that if you can imagine the website in your mind then you can also design it. HTML websites require no compiling and thus have no issues of exceptions or errors.
Once you’ve learned HTML enough to the point that you’re able to create a website with all major elements of HTML, you are free to move ahead to XML, CSS, JavaScript or PHP. Note that we have mentioned JavaScript in both website and application development because JavaScript is a scripting language that consolidates the functions of both procedural languages (OOPs) with the ease of markup languages like HTML. A scripting language is commonly used to program the behavioral concepts of a website or application, for example, it helps you define what should happen or what message should display when a user clicks a specific button.

Step 4 – Take the Help of Others and Observe Other People’s Code

Just like we’ve said above, the number of resources for learning to code is too many in 2019. You can visit websites StackOverflow or W3 to leverage your programming knowledge or for getting help any time. You can also join an internship or training program under a much-experienced programmer to know his ways of programming. Logic building is a very important skill required for OOPs that you’ll also require in scripting languages. You can improve your logic building by observing other people’s code on the same problem or work with much-experienced programmers.

Step 5 – Practice, Practice, and Practice

Practice is the key in programming. Programming and coding never end. You can practice programming for decades and still don’t know even half of it, whereas, stop practicing for a while and you’re ten steps back in coding. As a beginner, you can practice the following type of programs to sharpen your programming skills:
  • Basic Programs (Includes simple mathematical conversations.)
  • If Else Programs (Dependent on conditions.)
  • Loop Programs (Looping a block of statement till it matches a specific condition.)
  • Array Programs (Working with arrays and set of variables.)
  • Sorting Programs (Bubble sort, Quick sort, etc.)
  • Search Programs (Binary Search, Linear Search, Jump Search, etc.)
Practice makes a man perfect, this implies every skill that is present on the planet. If you really want to learn to code and be able to build any website or application then never stop practicing. Even if you have a telephonic memory to remember the program structure and syntaxes for a long time, your logic building skills are susceptible to fall. There are so many advancements in programming that you’ll miss out on many things that will make your programming skills lack in general.

Step 6 – Never Ever Forget, There’s No End to Programming

Once you have started to begin to code, never ever fall under the impression that you’ve learned everything about it. If you want to end your learning, then that simply puts an end to your knowledge of coding, if you want to continue then you’ll have to be sharp and always keep it in mind that there’s no end to coding and programming.
When you have become adept in one language you are free to pursue programming in it as your career. Programming is still one of the most valuable and high paid skills in

An enthusiastic writer with a keen interest in technology, if specified, programming, graphic designing and digital marketing. Also, an Otaku. Abhishek always suggests fellow youngsters to follow their dreams and work hard for making them a reality.

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